...yes, for real. It's not April 1, after all.
The endangered black footed ferret's favorite meal is ground hog.
Ground hogs often carry sylvatic plague - brought here, of course, by Europeans.
Part of the answer: An oral vaccine concealed in peanut butter smeared around M&Ms - a combination ground hogs can't resist.
Fired from drones.
Because drones. (Or rather because drones cover more ground).
I don't think any science fiction writer predicted this one.